|● Degree and pervasiveness of disturbances in functioning of aspects of the self|
| ○ Stability and coherence of one’s sense of identity (e.g., extent to which identity or sense of self is variable and inconsistent or overly rigid and fixed).|
○ Ability to maintain an overall positive and stable sense of self-worth.
○ Accuracy of one’s view of one’s characteristics, strengths, limitations.
○ Capacity for self-direction (ability to plan, choose, and implement appropriate goals).
|● Degree and pervasiveness of interpersonal dysfunction across various contexts and relationships (e.g., romantic relationships, school/work, parent-child, family, friendships, peer contexts).|
| ○ Interest in engaging in relationships with others.|
○ Ability to understand and appreciate others’ perspectives.
○ Ability to develop and maintain close and mutually satisfying relationships.
○ Ability to manage conflict in relationships.
| ● Pervasiveness, severity, and chronicity of emotional, cognitive, and behavioural manifestations of the personality dysfunction|
○ Tendency to be emotionally over- or underreactive, and having difficulty recognizing unwanted emotions (e.g., does not acknowledge experiencing anger or sadness)
○ Distortions in the accuracy of situational and interpersonal appraisals under stress (e.g., dissociative states, psychotic-like beliefs or perceptions, and paranoid reactions).
○ Behavioural responses to intense emotions and stressful circumstances (e.g., propensity to self-harm or violence).
|● The extent to which the dysfunctions in the above areas are associated with distress or impairment in personal, family, social, educational, occupational or other important areas of functioning.|