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Table 4 Fulfilled borderline personality disorder (BPD) diagnostic criteria for the three-cluster solution of BPD

From: Cluster analysis of personality traits in psychiatric patients with borderline personality disorder

  Lower psychopathology cluster, n (%) Externalizing cluster, n (%) Internalizing cluster, n (%) Cramér’s V Post-hoc
1. Fear of abandonment 36 (53.7%) 22 (78.6%) 26 (56.4%) 0.19  
2. Unstable relationships 53 (79.1%) 26 (92.9%) 36 (78.3%) 0.15  
3. Identity disturbance 30 (44.8%) 16 (57.1%) 23(50.0%) 0.09  
4. Impulsiveness 54 (80.6%) 22 (78.6%) 36 (78.3%) 0.07  
5. Suicidal behavior 57 (85.1%) 23(82.1%) 39 (84.8%) 0.03  
6. Affective instability 66 (98.5%) 27 (96.4%) 46 (100.0%) 0.11  
7. Feeling of emptiness 54 (80.6%) 24 (85.0%) 43 (93.5%) 0.26  
8. Difficulty controlling anger 45(67.2%) 27 (96.4%) 39(84.8%) 0.29 A < B**
9. Dissociative symptoms, stress-related paranoia 39 (58.2%) 18 (64.3%) 35 (76.1%) 0.13  
Number of fulfilled criteria (SD) 6.4 (1.2) 7.3 (1.2) 7.0 (1.1)   
  1. Note. **p < 0.01. One item of missing data on impulsiveness. Two items of missing data on dissociative symptoms and stress-related paranoia. Estimated with mean (standard deviation) on number of fulfilled criteria. Effect size was calculated with Cramér’s V. Bonferroni was used for post-hoc analyses