|Krause-Utz et al. 2016 ||Neuropsychological laboratory study with stress induction measuring inhibitory control||Adult women with BPD (n = 30), adult women with ADHD (n = 28) and CG of women (n = 30)||
Self-ratings of impulsivity with BIS and UPPS.|
Stress induction with MMST.
Measurement of inhibitory control with action withholding (IMT), action cancelation (GoSTop) and delay discounting task.
• Trait impulsivity: ADHD > BPD > CG|
• State impulsivity after stress higher in all groups and ADHD = BPD > CG
• Action withholding before stress: ADHD = BPD > HC
• Action withholding deficits after stress significantly higher in BPD (not in ADHD and CG)
• Action cancelation: no differences in inhibition and no stress effect
• Delay discounting: BPD > CG. Preference for immediate reward in ADHD. No stress effect.
|Cackowski et al. 2014 ||Neuropsychological laboratory study with measurement of response inhibition and decision making before and after stress induction||Adults women with BPD (n = 31) and CG of women (n = 30), ADHD score controlled for.||
Self and informant ratings of impulsivity with BIS, UPPS, STAXI and STIMP.|
Stress-induction with MMST.
Neuropsychological measurement of response inhibition with go/nogo task and decision making with IGT.
• Trait impulsivity: BPD > CG|
• State impulsivity before and after stress: BPD > CG
• Stress-dependent increase in state impulsivity: BPD > CG
• Response inhibition problems under stress: BPD (ADHD-score controlled for) > CG
• Decision making before and after stress: BPD = CG