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Table 1 Demographic and psychometric information (mean [M] ± one standard deviation [SD]) of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and healthy volunteers (CON)

From: An eye-tracking study of interpersonal threat sensitivity and adverse childhood experiences in borderline personality disorder

  BPD (n = 46) CON (n = 25) Group comparison
M ± SD M ± SD t or U p
Age (years) 28.6 ± 7.5 26.4 ± 5.5 1.27 .209
Intelligence (RAVEN) 112.0 ± 11.1 113.9 ± 9.7 −0.70 .486
Adverse Childhood Experiences (CTQ)
 Sum Scorea 61.4 ± 19.4 32.0 ± 7.8 96.50 < .001
 Emotional Abusea 17.2 ± 5.5 7.4 ± 3.3 95.00 < .001
 Physical Abuse 8.3 ± 4.5 5.6 ± 1.4 266.50 < .001
 Sexual Abuse 9.1 ± 6.5 5.1 ± 0.3 300.00 < .001
 Emotional Neglect 16.7 ± 6.4 8.0 ± 3.1 162.50 < .001
 Physical Neglect 9.6 ± 3.6 5.9 ± 1.7 199.50 < .001
 Borderline Symptomatology (BSL-23)b 1.6 ± 0.8 0.2 ± 0.3 37.00 < .001
 Depressiveness (BDI-II)b, c 23.4 ± 10.6 3.0 ± 5.0 39.50 < .001
 Trait Anxiety (STAI)b 62.1 ± 7.4 33.2 ± 8.2 15.03 < .001
 Emotional Dysregulation (DERS)a 128.5 ± 20.0 62.8 ± 16.2 14.04 < .001
Current Comorbid Axis I Disorders (lifetime)
 Affective Disorders 18 (36) 0 (0)   
 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder 8 (13) 0 (0)   
 Other Anxiety Disorders 25 (29) 0 (0)   
 Substance Use Disorders 0 (13) 0 (0)   
 Eating Disorders 12 (24) 0 (0)   
 Somatization Disorders (current only) 2 0   
 Adjustment Disorder 0 (0) 0 (0)   
Current Comorbid Axis II Disorders (lifetime)
 Avoidant Personality Disorder 13 (13) 0 (0)   
 Antisocial Personality Disorder 2 (2) 0 (0)   
  1. Groups were matched with respect to age (in years) and intelligence (IQ scores). RAVEN Raven’s Standard Progressive Matrices, CTQ Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, BSL-23 Borderline Symptom List (Short Version), BDI-II Beck Depression Inventory-II, STAI State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, DERS Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale
  2. a Data of one patient with BPD is missing . b Data of two patients with BPD are missing . c Data of one healthy volunteer is missing