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Table 3 Influence of comorbid mental disorders and previous treatment on the adjusted efficacy of emotion regulation strategies: results of the multiple linear regression analyses

From: Emotion regulation strategies in bulimia nervosa: an experimental investigation of mindfulness, self-compassion, and cognitive restructuring

Variables Comorbid mental disorders Previous treatment
No Yes No Yes
b (95% CI) p β b (95% CI) p β b (95% CI) p β b (95% CI) p β
DV: sadness
 Mindfulnessa 5.52 (−7.03; 18.06) .380 0.10 −4.36 (−15.42; 6.70) .435 −0.08 8.27 (−6.34; 22.88) .258 0.15 −4.38 (−14.96; 6.20) .413 −0.08
 Self-compassiona 0.42 (−12.11; 12.96) .068 0.01 −5.05 (−16.11; 6.02 .368 −0.10 3.02 (−11.62; 17.65) .678 0.01 −5.39 (−16.03; 5.24) .317 −0.10
DV: acceptance for feeling
 Mindfulnessa 10.13 (−4.59; 24.84) .171 0.20 11.11 (0.93; 21.29) .033 0.23 11.88 (−7.11; 30.87) .211 0.28 9.56 (0.32; 18.80) .043 0.19
 Self-compassiona 8.42 (−6.49; 23.32) .260 0.17 8.30 (−1.73; 18.34) .104 0.17 8.65 (−9.28; 26.58) .331 0.20 7.84 (−1.44; 17.12) .097 0.15
DV: tolerance for feeling
 Mindfulnessa 7.36 (− 9.77; 24.50) .389 0.15 8.87 (−2.09; 19.83) .111 0.16 17.57 (−0.04; 35.18) .050 0.41 4.87 (−5.79; 15.52) .366 0.09
 Self-compassiona 8.61 (−8.84; 26.05) .323 0.17 11.38 (0.41; 22.35) .042 0.21 16.02 (−2.10; 34.13) .081 0.37 8.20 (−2.50; 18.91) .131 0.23
DV: control feeling
 Mindfulnessa −1.02 (−13.14; 11.11) .866 −0.03 6.40 (−2.58; 15.39) .160 0.13 −2.71 (−16.18; 10.75) .683 −0.08 4.79 (−3.52; 13.10) .255 0.10
 Self-compassiona 7.94 (−4.27; 20.14) .195 0.19 15.01 (5.75; 24.28) .002 0.31 3.69 (−10.05; 17.44) .587 0.12 13.68 (5.25; 22.11) .002 0.27
DV: urge to eat
 Mindfulnessa −14.03 (−28.19; 0.13) .052 −0.25 −3.67 (−11.65; 4.30) .362 −0.06 −12.37 (−28.26; 3.52) .122 −0.17 −5.00 (−12.65; 2.74) .204 −0.09
 Self-compassiona −6.97 (−21.41; 7.48) .334 −0.12 −0.21 (−8.18; 7.76) .958 −0.003 −14.93 (−30.84; 0.98) .065 −0.20 1.89 (−5.88; 9.65) .630 0.03
DV: urge to purge
 Mindfulnessa −5.20 (−15.89; 5.49) .330 −0.09 −8.18 (−17.19; 0.83) .075 −0.13 −5.03 (−17.46; 7.41) .415 −0.08 −8.04 (−16.61; 0.54) .066 −0.13
 Self-compassiona 2.27 (−8.52; 13.05) .672 0.04 −9.47 (−18.43; −0.52) .038 −0.15 −2.27 (−14.66; 10.11) .710 −0.04 −7.00 (−15.57; 1.56) .108 −0.11
DV: acceptance for shape and weight
 Mindfulnessa −0.27 (−12.98; 12.45) .966 −0.01 6.96 (−0.74; 14.65) .076 0.15 −1.35 (− 12.83; 10.13) .812 −0.03 7.54 (−0.71; 15.80) .073 0.15
 Self-compassiona 2.64 (−9.64; 14.92) .665 0.06 5.38 (−2.20; 12.95) .162 0.12 −6.86 (−18.27; 4.55) .228 −0.17 8.52 (0.48; 16.56) .038 0.17
DV: feeling valuable
 Mindfulnessa 0.56 (−12.34; 13.45) .931 0.01 7.38 (−2.67; 17.43) .148 0.16 5.84 (−7.83; 19.52) .389 0.14 5.04 (−4.44; 14.51) .294 0.10
 Self-compassiona 6.32 (−6.40; 19.05) .320 0.14 8.76 (−0.90; 18.41) .075 0.19 − 0.76 (−13.90; 12.39) .907 −0.02 10.45 (1.22; 19.79) .027 0.20
  1. aIndependent variables dummy-coded for comparison with cognitive restructuring and adjusted for baseline and pre-strategy values of the dependent variable
  2. 95% CI 95% confidence interval, DV dependent variable
  3. Effects with p < .0125 in boldface