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Table 4 Multivariate linear regressions modelling parenting stress by mental health variables (N = 284)

From: Parenting stress and competence in borderline personality disorder is associated with mental health, trauma history, attachment and reflective capacity

 Parenting stress domains (PSI-4-SF)
Parenting stressParenting distressDifficult childDifficult relationship
bSEβtbSEβtbSEβtbSEβt
F(19,283) = 19.76***, R2 = .59F(19,283) = 21.39***, R2 = .61F(19,283) = 9.41***, R2 = .40F(19,283) = 13.29***, R2 = .49
PID-5-BF Personality traits
 Negative affect.95.46.132.08*.23.17.091.37.35.20.131.70.37.20.131.87
 Detachment1.22.54.152.24*.70.20.233.48**.08.24.03.31.44.24.141.85
 Antagonism−.28.55−.02−.51−.38.21−.08−1.84−.04.25−.01−.14.13.24.03.55
 Disinhibition−.18.47−.02−.38.01.18.00.08−.09.21−.03−.41−.11.21−.03−.52
 Psychoticism−.14.45−.02−.32.03.17.01.17−.07.20−.02−.33−.10.20−.04−.54
MSI-BPD BPD Features−.27.59−.03−.45.08.22.03.38−.12.26−.04−.45−.23.26−.07−.90
MHI-5 Psychological wellbeing−1.32.31−.26−4.33***−.77.11−.39−6.74***−.37.14−.20−2.74**−.18.13−.09−1.38
CTQ-SF Trauma history
 Emotional abuse.10.33.02.314.08.12.05.68−.01.15−.01−.07.03.14.02.22
 Physical abuse−.31.29−.06−1.06−.02.11−.01−.22−.21.13−.11−1.58−.08.13−.04−.63
 Sexual abuse.16.21.04.76.19.08.112.42**.01.10.00.07−.04.09−.02−.39
 Emotional neglect.69.46.111.49−.11.17−.04−.64.54.21.222.64**.25.20.101.26
 Physical neglect−.21.42−.03−.49−.17.16−.07−1.10−.09.19−.04−.47.06.18.02.31
RQ Attachment style
 Secure.84.75.061.13.35.28.071.24.19.33.04.57.31.33.06.95
 Fearful−.15.79−.01−.19.23.29.04.78−.29.35−.06−.84−.09.34−.02−.25
 Pre-occupied−.77.67−.05−1.15.28.25.051.11−.43.30−.08− 1.45−.61.29−.11−2.09
 Dismissing1.04.68.071.53.25.25.04.99.49.30.091.61.30.30.051.02
PFRQ Reflective capacity
 Non-mentalizing12.181.48.428.24***2.22.55.204.04***4.46.66.416.77***5.50.65.488.53***
 Certainty about mental states−3.881.09−.15−3.55***−.63.41−.06−1.54−1.4.49−.15−2.87**−1.85.48−.18−3.88***
 Interest/curiosity in mental states−.191.51−.01−.13−.02.56−.00−.04.51.68.04.76−.68.66−.05−1.03
  1. Notes. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001. b unstandardized regression coefficient, SE standard error of the mean, β standardised regression coefficient, R2 amount of variance accounted for in the dependent variable by each model. PSI-4-SF, Parenting Stress Index 4th Edition – Short Form, PID-5-BD Personality Inventory for DSM-5 – Brief Form, MHI-5 Mental Health Inventory, CTQ-SF Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – Short Form, RQ Relationships Questionnaire, PRFQ Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire