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Table 4 Multivariate linear regressions modelling parenting stress by mental health variables (N = 284)

From: Parenting stress and competence in borderline personality disorder is associated with mental health, trauma history, attachment and reflective capacity

 Parenting stress domains (PSI-4-SF)
Parenting stressParenting distressDifficult childDifficult relationship
F(19,283) = 19.76***, R2 = .59F(19,283) = 21.39***, R2 = .61F(19,283) = 9.41***, R2 = .40F(19,283) = 13.29***, R2 = .49
PID-5-BF Personality traits
 Negative affect.*.
MSI-BPD BPD Features−.27.59−.03−.−.12.26−.04−.45−.23.26−.07−.90
MHI-5 Psychological wellbeing−1.32.31−.26−4.33***−.77.11−.39−6.74***−.37.14−.20−2.74**−.18.13−.09−1.38
CTQ-SF Trauma history
 Emotional abuse.−.01.15−.01−.
 Physical abuse−.31.29−.06−1.06−.02.11−.01−.22−.21.13−.11−1.58−.08.13−.04−.63
 Sexual abuse.**.−.04.09−.02−.39
 Emotional neglect.−.11.17−.04−.**.
 Physical neglect−.21.42−.03−.49−.17.16−.07−1.10−.09.19−.04−.
RQ Attachment style
 Pre-occupied−.77.67−.05−−.43.30−.08− 1.45−.61.29−.11−2.09
PFRQ Reflective capacity
 Certainty about mental states−3.881.09−.15−3.55***−.63.41−.06−1.54−1.4.49−.15−2.87**−1.85.48−.18−3.88***
 Interest/curiosity in mental states−.191.51−.01−.13−.02.56−.00−.−.68.66−.05−1.03
  1. Notes. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001. b unstandardized regression coefficient, SE standard error of the mean, β standardised regression coefficient, R2 amount of variance accounted for in the dependent variable by each model. PSI-4-SF, Parenting Stress Index 4th Edition – Short Form, PID-5-BD Personality Inventory for DSM-5 – Brief Form, MHI-5 Mental Health Inventory, CTQ-SF Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – Short Form, RQ Relationships Questionnaire, PRFQ Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire