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Table 2 Comparison of parenting stress and mental health variables between parents with high and low BPD features (N = 284)

From: Parenting stress and competence in borderline personality disorder is associated with mental health, trauma history, attachment and reflective capacity

VariablesM (SD)Fpηp2
High BPD features (MSI-BPD)
N = 69
Low BPD features (MSI-BPD)
N = 215
PSI-4-SF Parenting stress
 Total Stress110.46 (2.98)87.94 (1.64)45.99<.001.14
 Distress42.86 (1.03)31.30 (.58)96.20<.001.25
 Difficult child35.77 (1.13)30.55 (.64)16.27<.001.06
 Difficult relationship31.84 (1.19)26.09 (.67)17.81<.001.06
PSOC Parenting competence
 Satisfaction28.62 (.70)34.18 (.40)47.88<.001.15
 Efficacy28.39 (.79)35.60 (.45)63.39<.001.18
PID-5-BF Personality disorder
 Severity33.28 (1.05)15.81 (.60)208.78<.001.43
 Negative affect10.03 (.37)5.48 (.21)112.96<.001.29
 Detachment7.57 (.32)3.47 (.18)122.69<.001.30
 Antagonism2.71 (.25)1.77 (.14)10.62<.001.04
 Disinhibition5.71 (.31)2.22 (.18)93.88<.001.25
 Psychoticism7.26 (.34)2.87 (.19)124.59.001.31
MHI-5 Psychological wellbeing16.22 (.52)22.29 (.29)104.04<.001.27
CTQ-SF Trauma history
 Emotional abuse15.75 (.70)10.74 (.40)38.68<.001.12
 Physical abuse10.58 (.62)8.44 (.35)9.14.003.03
 Sexual abuse10.29 (.66)7.37 (.38)14.69<.001.05
 Emotional neglect16.09 (.46)13.56 (.26)23.00<.001.08
 Physical neglect9.55 (.44)7.43 (.25)17.89<.001.06
RQ Attachment style
 Secure2.96 (.21)4.34 (.12)32.36<.001.10
 Fearful5.36 (.21)3.61 (.12)53.31<.001.16
 Preoccupied4.26 (.20)3.00 (.12)29.30<.001.09
 Dismissing4.10 (.21)4.07 (.12).02.896.00
PFRQ Reflective capacity
 Non-mentalizing2.77 (.10)1.91 (.06)59.77<.001.18
 Certainty about mental states3.41 (.12)3.78 (.07)7.36.007.03
 Interest/curiosity in mental states5.64 (.09)5.81 (.05)2.55.112.01
  1. Notes. PSI-4-SF Parenting Stress Index 4th Edition – Short Form, PSOC Parenting Sense of Competency Scale, PID-5-BF Personality Inventory for DSM-5 – Brief Form, MHI-5 Mental Health Inventory, CTQ-SF Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – Short Form, RQ Relationship Questionnaire, PRFQ Parental Reflective Functioning Questionnaire