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Table 3 Comparison of the ADHD, BPD and ADHD+BPD groups in terms of behavioral problems assessed with self-report measures (PAI-A)

From: Borderline personality disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescence: overlap and differences in a clinical setting

Behavioral ProblemsADHD (1)BPD (2)ADHD+BPD (3)X2pPost hoc (adjusted p = 0.017)
Alcohol problems53.1 ± 15.753.8 ± 18.059.6 ± 18.67.50.0233 > 2
Drug problems60.0 ± 19.860.3 ± 19.268.4 ± 21.57.50.0233 > 2, 3 > 1
Aggression51.3 ± 11.654.4 ± 11.660.8 ± 11.718.4< 0.0013 > 2,3 > 1
Suicidal ideation66.3 ± 18.976.7 ± 18.880.0 ± 16.316.8< 0.0013 > 1, 2 > 1
Borderline self harm60.9 ± 13.164.6 ± 14.974.1 ± 12.325.8< 0.0013 > 2, 3 > 1
  1. ADHD attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, BPD borderline personality disorder, PAI-A the personality assessment inventory for adolescents