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Table 2 Comparison of the ADHD, BPD and ADHD+BPD groups in terms of number of co-morbid DSM -IV diagnoses, clinical severities of co-morbid disorders and borderline personality disorder measured by interviews

From: Borderline personality disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adolescence: overlap and differences in a clinical setting

DSM IV Symptoms (based on DISC-IV)ADHD (1)BPD (2)ADHD+BPD (3)X2pPost hoc (adjusted p = 0.017)
Total number of diagnoses2.3 ± 2.22.7 ± 2.03.8 ± 2.415.6< 0.0013 > 1, 3 > 2
Anxiety disorders17.0 ± 11.219.8 ± 10.420.7 ± 9.86.60.0383 > 1
Depression13.6 ± 4.415.2 ± 3.916.6 ± 3.418.7< 0.0013 > 2 > 1
ADHD13.1 ± 3.67.9 ± 5.414.5 ± 3.671.2< 0.0013 > 2, 1 > 2
Oppositional Defiant Disorder5.8 ± 3.06.2 ± 3.18.5 ± 2.731.4< 0.0013 > 1, 3 > 2
Conduct Disorder4.5 ± 4.15.2 ± 4.46.4 ± 5.24.80.09 
Post Traumatic Stres Disorder1.8 ± 4.03.3 ± 5.24.4 ± 6.07.60.0233 > 1
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder1.3 ± 1.81.3 ± 1.61.3 ± 1.41.10.57 
Eating Disorders2.1 ± 1.93.7 ± 2.44.1 ± 2.425.5< 0.0013 > 1,2 > 1
Substance Abuse Disorder0.7 ± 2.11.1 ± 3.50.7 ± 2.50.20.91 
Internalizing disorders36.0 ± 16.743.3 ± 15.947.1 ± 17.217.4< 0.0013 > 1,2 > 1
Externalizing disorders23.9 ± 8.919.8 ± 12.329.9 ± 9.540.9< 0.0013 > 1 > 2
CIBPD6.8 ± 3.413.7 ± 2.014.4 ± 2.0142.6< 0.0013 > 2, 3 > 1
  1. ADHD attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, BPD borderline personality disorder, CIBPD childhood interview for borderline personality disorder, DISC-IV the diagnostic interview schedule for children – Computerized Version