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Table 3 Mean LPFS values for BPD criteria

From: Borderline personality disorder diagnosis in a new key

BPD Criterion ID SD EM IN LPFS Sum
Criterion 1 (avoidance of abandonment) 2.35 1.75 2.60 3.25 2.49
Criterion 2 (unstable relationships) 2.15 1.60 2.75 3.20 2.43
Criterion 3 (identity disturbance) 3.55 2.85 1.90 1.65 2.49
Criterion 4 (impulsivity) 1.80 2.65 1.60 1.40 1.86
Criterion 5 (recurrent suicidal behavior) 2.70 2.75 2.15 2.00 2.40
Criterion 6 (affective instability) 2.72 1.80 1.55 1.55 1.91
Criterion 7 (chronic emptiness) 3.15 2.75 1.65 1.85 2.08
Criterion 8 (intense anger) 2.40 2.30 2.65 2.55 2.48
Criterion 9 (paranoia/dissociative symptoms) 3.65 2.90 2.75 2.75 3.01
Mean 2.72 2.37 2.18 2.24  
  1. BPD = borderline personality disorder, ID = identity, SD = self-direction, EM = empathy, IN = intimacy, LPFS = Level of Personality Functioning Scale