Skip to main content

Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of ADHD, BPD and comorbid ADHD+BPD patients

From: Emotion dysregulation in adults suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a comparison with borderline personality disorder (BPD)

  ADHD
N = 279
BPD
N = 70
ADHD+BPD
N = 60
P
mean or N sd or % mean or N sd or % mean or N sd or %
Age 35.49 12.86 31.66 9.08 30.29 8.64 0.002
Gender
 Female 122 43.73 66 94.29 55 91.67 < 0.001
Civil statusa
Single (vs not single) 130 49.24 36 51.43 33 57.89 0.493
Childrena
 0 163 61.74 46 65.71 43 74.14 0.04
 1 28 10.61 13 18.57 7 12.07
 ≥ 2 73 27.65 11 15.71 8 13.79
Joba
 Yes (vs no) 157 61.33 30 42.86 26 48.15 0.01
Years of educationa 15.52 2.86 15.23 3.18 14.78 2.69 0.236
Lifetime comorbidities
 Major depressive disorder 122 43.73 58 82.86 39 65.00 < 0.001
 Bipolar disorder 6 2.15 7 10 6 10.00 0.002
 Anxiety disorderb 57 20.43 58 82.86 33 55.00 < 0.001
 Eating Disorders 10 3.58 14 20 9 15.00 < 0.001
 Substance use disorder 70 25.09 24 34.29 24 40.00 0.03
ADHD type
 Attentional 109 39.07 27 46.55 0.508
 Hyperactive-impulsive 12 4.30 3 5.17
 Mixte 158 56.63 28 48.28
Medication
 Psychostimulant 36 12.90 1 1.43 7 11.66 0.02
 Antidepressant 57 20.43 36 51.43 24 40.00 < 0.001
 Antipsychotic 12 4.30 11 15.71 8 13.33 0.001
 Benzodiazepine 28 10.03 20 28.57 10 16.66 < 0.001
 Mood stabilizer 2 0.72 7 10.00 4 6.66 < 0.001
ASRS v1.1
 Inat. 25.23 5.37 22.33 6.38 25.65 5.56 < 0.001
 Hyper. 21.23 6.87 19.92 6.49 23.88 7.52 < 0.001
 Total 46.47 10.18 42.25 11.31 49.53 10.87 < 0.001
BDI-II 20.79 11.99 34.75 11.65 33.19 9.78 < 0.001
  1. Means, absolute numbers (N), SD, % and comparisons (p-value) between ADHD, BPD, and comorbid ADHD+BPD groups for clinical and demographic characteristics
  2. a missing values encountered, bIncluding: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social phobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder