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Table 1 Age, years of education, childhood trauma severity (CTQ sum scores), difficulties in emotion regulation (DERS sum scores), and impulsivity (UPSS Impulsive Behaviour Scale mean scores) in BPD, CC and HC

From: Self-reported impulsivity in women with borderline personality disorder: the role of childhood maltreatment severity and emotion regulation difficulties

Variable BPD (n = 61) CC (n = 57) HC (n = 60) Group statistics (MANOVA)
Age 27.28 ± 6.14 a 30.63 ± 7.63 b 27.28 ± 6.55 a F(2, 172) = 4.64, p = 0.011, η2p = 0.05
Years of Education 10.64 ± 1.80 a 10.63 ± 3.13 a 11.47 ± 0.92 b F(2, 172) = 2.53, p = 0.054, η2p = 0.03
CTQ 66.38 ± 22.07 a 42.36 ± 22.07 b 29.67 ± 4.34 c F(2, 170) = 84.20, p < 0.001, η2p = 0. 50
UPPS 2.57 ± 0.40 a 2.65 ± 0.38 a 0.04 ± 0.03 b F(2, 164) = 474.22, p < 0.001, η2p = 0.85
DERS 97.44 ± 2.72 a 91.52 ± 2.80 a 69.62 ± 2.75 b F(2, 170) = 28.46, p < 0.001, η2p = 0.25
  1. Table shows means ± standard deviations of scores and results of the multivariate analysis of variance, with post-hoc Tuckey tests
  2. BPD Borderline Personality Disorder (patient group), HC Healthy control group, CC Clinical Control group, CTQ Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, DERS Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale, UPPS UPPS Impulsive Behaviour Scale
  3. Groups with different superscripts (a, b, c) differ significantly at p < 0.05, η2p = effect size partial eta square