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Table 3 Clinical studies

From: Longitudinal associations between non-suicidal self-injury and borderline personality disorder in adolescents: a literature review

Directionality of associations Study’s author(s), year Country N at follow-up (retention rate), % females and mean (M) age at baseline Follow-up period Measure (s) BPD measured at baseline; age of BPD assessment Findings
BPD predicting NSSI Yen et. al, 2016 USA
(inpatient- recruited for suicide risk)
N = 78 (77%); 68% females; Mage = 15.1 6-months CI-BPD
Mage = 15.1 years
BPD diagnosis (with NSSI/suicide criterion removed) did not predict NSSI at 6-month follow-up (χ2 = .19, p < .05). These results remained with all 9 BPD criteria included.
  1. Note. BPD borderline personality disorder, NSSI non-suicidal self-injury, CI-BPD Childhood Interview for DSM-IV Borderline Personality Disorder, FASM The Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation