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Table 4 Summary of Multinominal Regression comparing Adverse Childhood Experiences and Parental as well as Peer Relationship Quality between no BPD (0–2 criteria; N = 22), subthreshold BPD (3–4 criteria, N = 48 with full BPD (≥5 criteria; N = 82)

From: Differentiating BPD in adolescents with NSSI disorder: the role of adverse childhood experiences and current social relationships

  95% Cl for Odds Ratio
B SE B Lower Odds Ratio Upper p
No versus Full BPD
 Sex −2.95 0.91 .01 .05 .31 .001
 Age −.69 0.23 .32 .50 .79 .003
 Adverse Childhood Experiences −1.88 0.70 .04 .15 .59 .007
 Parent Relationship Quality −.57 0.38 .27 .56 1.19 .134
 Peer Relationship Quality .66 0.36 .95 1.93 3.92 .067
 ACE X Parent Relationship Quality −.31 0.51 .27 .73 2.00 .544
 ACE X Peer Relationship Quality .29 0.63 .39 1.33 4.57 .647
Subthresshold versus Full BPD
 Sex −1.72 0.80 .04 .18 .86 .032
 Age −0.35 0.16 .52 .71 .96 .027
 Adverse Childhood Experiences −1.42 0.50 .09 .24 .64 .004
 Parent Relationship Quality −.44 0.28 .37 .65 1.12 .122
 Peer Relationship Quality −.45 0.24 .40 .64 1.02 .059
 ACE X Parent Relationship Quality −.74 0.34 .25 .48 .93 .029
 ACE X Peer Relationship Quality .26 0.39 .61 1.30 2.78 .501
  1. Note: R2 = .20 (Cox & Snell), .23 (Nagelkerke). Model χ2 (14) = 33.27, p = .003. Bold values are significant p < .05