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Table 3 Results from multilevel analyses in which Positive Affect (PA) is predicted by a random intercept, by Appraisals and PA at the previous time point at level 1, again modeled in function of a healthy control (HC) dummy and a Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) dummy at level 2

From: Emotional reactivity to appraisals in patients with a borderline personality disorder: a daily life study

       Difference groups
Fixed Effect Coeff. SE t-ratio df p-value χ2 (df) p-value
For intercept, β0
 BPDdummy, γ01 29.37 3.21 9.15 56 < 0.001 71.18 (1) <.001
 HCdummy, γ02 62.99 2.36 26.66 56 < 0.001   
For goal relevance at t-1 slope, β1
 BPDdummy, γ11 −0.02 0.03 −0.84 56 0.405 4.32 (1) .035
 HCdummy, γ12 0.05 0.02 2.29 56 0.026   
For goal congruence at t-1 slope, β2
 BPDdummy, γ21 0.06 0.04 1.52 56 0.135 0.06 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ22 0.07 0.03 2.19 56 0.033   
For emotion-focused coping potential at t-1 slope, β3
 BPDdummy, γ31 0.07 0.04 1.81 56 0.075 0.86 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ32 0.13 0.04 2.93 56 0.005   
For PA at t-1 slope, β4
 BPDdummy, γ41 0.28 0.05 5.65 56 < 0.001 0.19 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ42 0.25 0.05 5.54 56 < 0.001   
For intercept, β0
 BPDdummy, γ01 29.39 3.21 9.17 56 < 0.001 71.21 (1) <.001
 HCdummy, γ02 62.99 2.36 26.67 56 < 0.001   
For disappointed self t-1 slope, β1
 BPDdummy, γ11 −0.09 0.04 −2.38 56 0.021 0.00 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ12 −0.08 0.03 −2.49 56 0.016   
For disappointed someone else t-1 slope, β2
 BPDdummy, γ21 0.00 0.02 0.13 56 0.894 1.76 (1) .182
 HCdummy, γ22 0.05 0.03 1.78 56 0.081   
For trust self t-1slope, β3
 BPDdummy, γ31 −0.02 0.03 −0.47 56 0.642 0.52 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ32 0.01 0.02 0.60 56 0.553   
For trust someone else t-1 slope, β4
 BPDdummy, γ41 0.03 0.04 0.83 56 0.410 3.00 (1) .079
 HCdummy, γ42 0.13 0.05 2.86 56 0.006   
For PA at t-1 slope, β5
 BPDdummy, γ51 0.30 0.04 6.75 56 < 0.001 0.10 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ52 0.28 0.05 5.95 56 < 0.001   
  1. Coeff. Coefficient, SE Standard error. All predictors were entered person-mean centered. Different models were estimated for the general emotional appraisals and BPD-specific evaluations. Differences between diagnostic dummies slopes are tested using general linear hypothesis testing