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Table 2 Results from multilevel analyses in which Negative Affect (NA) is predicted by a random intercept, by Appraisals and NA at the previous time point at level 1, which are again modeled in function of a Healthy Controls (HC) dummy and a Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) dummy at level 2

From: Emotional reactivity to appraisals in patients with a borderline personality disorder: a daily life study

       Difference groups
Fixed Effect Coeff. SE t-ratio df p-value χ2 (df) p-value
For intercept, β0
 BPDdummy, γ01 36.58 3.99 9.16 56 < 0.001 48.79 (1) <.001
 HCdummy, γ02 7.31 1.27 5.75 56 < 0.001   
For goal relevance at t-1 slope, β1
 BPDdummy, γ11 0.04 0.03 1.47 56 0.148 1.21 (1) 0.270
 HCdummy, γ12 0.01 0.01 0.96 56 0.343   
For goal congruence at t-1 slope, β2
 BPDdummy, γ21 −0.07 0.03 −2.16 56 0.035 0.91 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ22 −0.03 0.02 −1.80 56 0.077   
For emotion-focused coping potential at t-1 slope, β3
 BPDdummy, γ31 −0.07 0.03 −2.42 56 0.019 1.73 (1) 0.186
 HCdummy, γ32 −0.02 0.03 −0.67 56 0.509   
For NA at t-1 slope, β4
 BPDdummy, γ41 0.34 0.05 7.41 56 < 0.001 0.72 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ42 0.28 0.05 5.70 56 < 0.001   
For intercept, β0
 BPDdummy, γ01 36.60 3.99 9.16 56 < 0.001 48.82 (1) <.001
 HCdummy, γ02 7.31 1.27 5.75 56 < 0.001   
For disappointed self t-1 slope, β1
 BPDdummy, γ11 0.05 0.03 1.59 56 0.118 0.02 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ12 0.04 0.02 2.30 56 0.025   
For disappointed someone else t-1 slope, β2
 BPDdummy, γ21 0.04 0.01 2.71 56 0.009 7.58 (1) .006
 HCdummy, γ22 −0.01 0.01 −0.91 56 0.366   
For trust self t-1slope, β3
 BPDdummy, γ31 0.04 0.03 1.76 56 0.085 2.09 (1) 0.144
 HCdummy, γ32 0.00 0.01 0.26 56 0.796   
For trust someone else t-1 slope, β4
 BPDdummy, γ41 −0.04 0.03 −1.16 56 0.250 0.60 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ42 −0.01 0.02 −0.52 56 0.609   
For NA at t-1 slope, β5
 BPDdummy, γ51 0.36 0.04 8.43 56 < 0.001 0.91 (1) >.500
 HCdummy, γ52 0.30 0.05 5.99 56 < 0.001   
  1. Coeff. Coefficient, SE Standard error. All predictors were entered person-mean centered. Different models were estimated for the general emotional appraisals and BPD-specific evaluations. Differences between diagnostic dummies slopes are tested using general linear hypothesis testing