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Table 2 Prevalence of co-morbid SUD in individuals with BPD

From: Borderline personality disorder and substance use disorders: an updated review

Reference Sample Diagnostic Instrument N with BPD % female Mean Age (SD) N with SUD (%)
Tadić et al., 2009 [27] Inpatient – C, L M-CIDI; SCID-I; SCID-II 169 70.0 32.9 (9.1) 47 (28.0) - C 115 (68.0) - L
Asnaani et al., 2007 [86] Outpatient - C SCID; SIDP-IV 237 72.6 31.6 (8.6) 105 (44.3)
Chen et al., 2007 [87] Outpatient - C SCID-I; SCID-II; IPDE 184 100 31.0 (8.0) 82 (44.6)
Comtois et al., 2003 [88] Outpatient - L SCID-I; PDE 29 76.0 25 (86.2)
Frias et al., 2017 [89] Outpatient - C SCID-I; SCID-II 102 91.2 35.99 (11.9) 35 (34.3)
Hidalgo-Mazzei, Walsh, Rosenstein, & Zimmerman, 2015 [90] Outpatient (MIDAS) - L SCID; SIDP-IV 389 71.7 32.32 (10) AUDs = 248 (63.75) Stimulant use disorders = 11 (2.83) Cannabis use disorders = 121 (31.11) Cocaine use disorders = 61 (15.68) Hallucinogens use disorders = 17 (4.37) Opioid use disorders = 28 (7.2) Sedative use disorders = 16 (4.11) Other SUDs = 4 (1.03) Polysubstance use disorder = 38 (9.77) Any SUD = 281 (72.24)
Johnson et al., 2003 [91] Outpatient - C SCID-I; DIPD-IV 240 72.9 31.9 (−-) 157 (65.4)
Lane, Carpenter, Sher, & Trull, 2016 [92] Outpatient - C SCID-I; SCID-II 56 18 (32.1)
Maraz et al., 2016 [93] Outpatient - C AUDIT; SCID-II 110 54.5 34.6 (9.8) 49 (44.5) with AUD 25 (22.7) with DUD
Neacsiu et al., 2015 [94] Outpatient – C, L SCID-I; SCID-II 20 35.4 (11.6) 2 (10) - C 17 (85) - L
Perroud et al., 2016 [95] Outpatient - L SCID-II; DIGS 116 91.4 31.5 (9.74) 67 (62) with substance dependence 65 (60.2) with alcohol dependence
Riihimäki, Vuorilehto, & Isometsä, 2013 [96] Outpatient - C SCID-I/P; SCID-II 35 86.0 37.3 (13.7) 10 (29.0)
Turner et al., 2015 [97] Outpatient - L SCID-I; SCID-II 46a 91.3 31.55 (10.36) 32 (69) with any SUD 23 (50) with Alcohol Abuse or Dependence 21 (45.5) with Substance Abuse or Dependence
Welch & Linehan, 2002 [98] Outpatient - C SCID-I; PDE; SCID-II 122 100 31.0 (−-) 47 (35.5) with DUD
Chapman & Cellucci, 2007 [73] Incarcerated - C TAAD; SCID-II 50 100 14 (28.0) with AUD 21 (42.0) with DUD
Wetterborg, Langstrom, Andersson, & Enebrink., 2015 [99] Probation/ Parole - C SCID-II; MINI 11 0 33.3 (7.9) 7 (63.6) with AUD 8 (72.7) with DUD
Baschnagel et al., 2013 [100] Community - C SIDP-IV; CDIS; MINI 51 80.0 - of those with SUD 38.0 (9.9) - of those with SUD 35 (69.0)
Carpenter, Wood, & Trull, 2016 [101] Community (NESARC) - L AUDADIS-IV 1030 Alcohol use disorder = 604 (63.08); Amphetamine use disorder = 90 (9.43%); Cannabis use disorder = 281 (30.98%); Cocaine use disorder = 148 (16.73%); Hallucinogen use disorder = 75 (9.67%); Inhalant use disorder = 25 (2.93%); Opiate use disorder = 114 (13.23%); Sedative use disorder = 86 (8.43%); Tranquilizer use disorder = 69 (7.88%)
Tomko, Trull, Wood, & Sher, 2014 [10] Community (NESARC-Revised) - L AUDADIS-IV 1030 57.3 41.8 805 (78.2)
Widom, Czaja, & Paris, 2009 [102] Community – C DIPD-R; DIB-R; DIS-III-R 112 70 (62.7) with AUD 62 (55.5) with DUD
Barone, Fossati, & Guiducci, 2011 [103] Inpatients & outpatients - C SCID; SCID-I 140 61.0 32.39 (9.54) 40 (29.0) with SUD 40 (29.0) with AUD
Berenson et al., 2016 [104] Outpatient & community (not all in treatment) - C SID-P-IV 35 85.7 9 (25.7) with Dependence 5 (14.3) with Abuse
McCormick et al., 2007 [105] Inpatient, outpatient, community - C SCID-I; SIDP-IV 163 84.7 31.0 (−-) 82 (50.3) with AUD 77 (47.2) with DUD
Walter et al., 2009 [106] Inpatients & outpatients - C SCID-I/P; DIPD-IV 175 75.0 32.1 (7.8) 91 (52.0%) AUD 96 (54.9%) DUD
  1. NR denotes studies in which the raw count of individuals with BPD was not provided
  2. C Current SUD rates were reported. L Lifetime SUD rates were reported
  3. AUDADIS Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule, AUDIT Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, CIDI Composite International Diagnostic Interview, CDIS Diagnostic Interview Schedule-Computerized for DSM-IV, DIB-R Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines, DIGS Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies, DIPD Diagnostic Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders, IPDE International Personality Disorder Examination, MINI Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, PDE Personality Disorders Examination, SCID Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders, SIDP-IV Structured Interview for DSM-IV Personality, TAAD Triage Assessment for Addictive Disorders