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Table 1 Differences between control and BPD groups on self-report measures of BPD symptoms, anger rumination, and age (N = 29)

From: The rewarding nature of provocation-focused rumination in women with borderline personality disorder: a preliminary fMRI investigation

  HC Mean (SD) BPD Mean (SD) t p-value
PAI-BOR 9.88 (5.02) 44.23 (8.75) 13.28 <.001
ARS 1.26 (.20) 2.55 (.37) 11.32a <.001
CES-D 7.44 (6.65) 28.23 (9.27) 7.03 <.001
PCL 23.69 (8.65) 49.31 (13.21) 6.29 <.001
Age 21.81 (4.02) 21.23 (3.30) −.42 .58
  1. PAI-BOR Personality Assessment Inventory-Borderline Features Subscale, ARS Anger Rumination Scale, CES-D Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, PCL Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist
  2. t-tests conducted with equal variances assumed except where denoted by (a)