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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Specificity of emotion sequences in borderline personality disorder compared to posttraumatic stress disorder, bulimia nervosa, and healthy controls: an e-diary study

Variable BPD (n = 43) PTSD (n = 28) BN (n = 20) HC (n = 28)
Age in years
M (SD) 26.72 (7.07) 35.25 (7.53) 23.70 (5.97) 28.82 (7.47)
Variable BPD (n = 43) PTSD (n = 28) BN (n = 20) Χ2 test
Psychotropic medication
 n (%) 16 (37%) 17 (60%) 5 (25%) PTSD > BN
Hospitalization n (%)
 Outpatients 26 (60%) 8 (29%) 9 (45%) BPD > PTSD
 Inpatients 17 (40%) 20 (71%) 11 (55%) PTSD > BPD
Current Axis I diagnoses n (%)
 Major depression 9 (21%) 15 (54%) 10 (50%) PTSD, BN > BPD
 Anxiety disorders 27 (63%) 19 (68%) 10 (50%) n.s.
 PTSD 22 (51%) all 3 (15%) BPD > BN
 Bulimia nervosa 9 (21%) 2 (7%) all n.s.
Current Axis II disorders n (%)
 Borderline all exclusion criterion not applicable
 Avoidant 24 (25%) 6 (21%) 3 (15%) BPD > PTSD, BN
 Obsessive-compulsive 7 (16%) 3 (11%) 2 (10%) n.s.
 Dependent 7 (16%) 0 (0%) 1 (5%) n.s.
 Paranoid 7 (16%) 3 (11%) 1 (5%) n.s.
  1. BPD borderline personality disorder, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder, BN bulimia nervosa, HC healthy controls, > signals significant group differences, n.s, no significant group differences