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Table 3 Comparisons of criminal convictions of participants with Borderline Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, and Neither Disorder

From: A prospective, longitudinal, study of men with borderline personality disorder with and without comorbid antisocial personality disorder

  BPD BPD + ASPD ASPD ND Statistic Dunn’s post-hoc (p value)
a b c d
N 12 25 49 224   
Juvenile (ages 12–17)
 % at least 1 conviction (n) 8.3 (1) 40.0 (10) 38.8 (19) 12.5 (28) FET p < 0.001
 % a least 1 violent conviction (n) 0.0 (0) 16.0 (4) 16.3 (8) 3.6 (8) FET p = 0.002  
 % a least 1 non-violent conviction (n) 8.3 (1) 40.0 (10) 36.7 (18) 11.6 (26) FET p < 0.001  
 Mean (SD) number of convictions for violent crime 0.0 (0) 0.52 (1.50) 0.45 (1.44) 0.10 (0.67) H(3) = 15.42 p = 0.001 c > d (0.007)
 Mean (SD) number of convictions for non-violent crime 0.17 (.58) 3.04 (5.86) 1.85 (3.48) 0.52 (3.40) H(3) = 30.41 p < 0.001 b > d (<0.001) c > d (0.001)
Adult (ages 18–33)
N 11 21 42 167   
 % at least 1 conviction (n) 36.4 (4) 90.5 (19) 81.0 (34) 26.3 (44) FET p = 0.159
 % at least 1 violent conviction adult (n) 18.2 (2) 52.4 (11) 19.0 (8) 4.4 (7) FET p = 0.006  
 % a least 1 non-violent conviction (n) 36.4 (4) 85.7 (18) 81.0 (34) 25.1 (42) FET p = 0.062  
 Mean (SD) number of convictions for violent crime 1.27 (3.35) 2.43 (3.64) 0.48 (1.13) 0.10 (0.49) H(3) = 18.55 p < 0.001 b > a (0.028) b > c (<0.001) b > d (<0.001)
 Mean (SD) number of convictions for non-violent crime 1.72 (3.58) 10.52 (15.28) 6.17 (9.37) 0.85 (2.77) H(3) = 19.36 p < 0.001 b > a (0.002) b > d < 0.001 c > d (<0.001)
  1. Notes Kruskal Wallis (H) are presented. Significance values have been adjusted by the Bonferroni correction. FET Fisher Exact Test, BPD Borderline Personality Disorder, BPD + ASPD, Borderline Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder, ASPD Antisocial Personality Disorder, ND neither disorder