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Table 3 Outcome measure estimated baseline means (M) and changes at subsequent time-points

From: Standard 12 month dialectical behaviour therapy for adults with borderline personality disorder in a public community mental health setting

  Estimated baseline M (95% CI) Change at T2 M (95% CI) Change at T3 M (95% CI) Change at T4 M (95% CI) Change at T5 M (95% CI) Change at T6 M (95% CI) Change at T7 M (95% CI) % change
BSL 58.11 (52.26, 63.96) −8.57** (−14.64, −2.49) −12.65*** (−18.99, −6.3) −16.28*** (−22.74, −9.82) −13.2*** (−19.84, −6.56) −20.69*** (−27.53, −13.84) −24.46*** (−30.98, −17.95) −42
BAI 29.75 (26.49, 33.01) −0.51 (−3.64, 2.63) −4* (−7.32, −0.68) −6.64*** (−9.85, −3.43) −4.75** (−8.19, −1.32) −5.98*** (−9.48, −2.48) −9.43*** (−12.7, −6.17) −32
BHS 13.74 (11.7, 15.79) −2.2** (−3.58, −0.81) −2.54*** (−4.08, −0.99) −4.22*** (−5.65, −2.79) −3.97*** (−5.5, −2.44) −4.71*** (−6.23, −3.19) −5.61*** (−7.07, −4.15) −41
BSS 14.29 (11.87, 16.71) −3.25** (−5.69, −0.8) −4.71*** (−7.31, −2.11) −3.7** (−6.24, −1.17) −5.07*** (−7.73, −2.41) −6.34*** (−9.01, −3.68) −7.03*** (−9.61, −4.45) −49
BDI 38.37 (34.89, 41.84) −7.27*** (−10.35, −4.19) −11.11*** (−14.32, −7.89) −11.57*** (−14.65, −8.48) −12.27*** (−15.54, −9) −15.15*** (−18.55, −11.74) −17.03*** (−20.42, −13.64) −44
QoL Phys. 11.67 (10.85, 12.49) 0.03 (−0.66, 0.72) 0.59 (−0.13, 1.32) 0.12 (−0.58, 0.82) 0.52 (−0.26, 1.29) 1.18** (0.44, 1.93) 1.11** (0.39, 1.82) +10
QoL Psych. 7.9 (7.1, 8.69) 0.21 (−0.52, 0.94) 1.01** (0.25, 1.78) 1.32*** (0.58, 2.06) 1.87*** (1.05, 2.68) 2.45*** (1.67, 3.23) 2.5*** (1.75, 3.25) +32
QoL Soc. 10.11 (9.13, 11.09) −0.32 (−1.39, 0.74) 0.86 (−0.26, 1.98) 0.39 (−0.69, 1.47) 0.62 (−0.57, 1.81) 2.4*** (1.26, 3.54) 2.14*** (1.04, 3.23) +21
QoL Envir. 12.02 (11.22, 12.82) −0.13 (−0.78, 0.51) 0.64 (−0.04, 1.32) 0.42 (−0.24, 1.08) 1.02** (0.29, 1.75) 1.3*** (0.61, 2) 1.3*** (0.63, 1.97) +11
  1. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01; *** = p < .001
  2. Changes at each follow-up are relative to the baseline; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval