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Table 1 Sociodemographic Characteristcs of the Study Sample

From: Health related quality of life and psychopathological distress in risk taking and self-harming adolescents with full-syndrome, subthreshold and without borderline personality disorder: rethinking the clinical cut-off?

Variable no BPD sub BPD BPD p
n (%) 72 (27.27) 83 (31.44) 109 (41.29)  
female, n (%) 46 (63.89) 66 (79.52) 105 (96.33) <.0001
age, years 14.60 (1.51) 15.01 (1.49) 15.38 (1.28) .002
First psychiatric contact, years since 1.02 (2.14) 1.19 (2.57) 1.97 (3.27) .098
First psychiatric presentation, n (%) 37 (66.07) 41 (66.13) 40 (51.28) .116
School, n (%)     .929
Hauptschule 9 (12.68) 9 (10.84) 10 (9.17)  
Realschule 22 (30.99) 30 (36.14) 41 (37.61)  
Gymnasium 28 (39.44) 27 (32.53) 37 (33.94)  
other 12 (16.90) 17 (20.48) 21 (19.27)  
relationship parents, n (%)     .968
living together, n (%) 29 (40.28) 35 (42.17) 43 (39.45)  
separated/divorced 35 (4.,61) 44 (53.01) 58 (53.21)  
death of one parent 3 (4.17) 2 (2.41) 4 (3.67)  
never lived together 2 (2.78) 1 (1.20) 3 (2.75)  
unknown 2 (2.78) 1 (1.20) 1 (0.92)  
living with biological mother, n (%) 62 (89.86) 61 (75.31) 75 (74.26) .021
living with biological father, n (%) 30 (54.55) 37 (52.11) 44 (50.00) .868
  1. values represent means and standard deviations (SD) in brackets, unless otherwise indicated; p values refer to one-way ANOVA (continuous data) or Chi-Square tests for categorical/dichotomy data; First psychiatric contact: time in years since first presentation at any given professional psychiatric facility (outpatient, inpatient); First psychiatric presentation: n of patients with first presentation at a psychiatric facility within our specialized outpatient clinic (i.e., first contact same year of diagnostic interview); Type of School: After four years of elementary school the German school system branches into three types of secondary schools. The so called “Hauptschule” (Secondary General School which takes five years after Primary School) prepares pupils for vocational training, whereas the “Realschule” (Intermediate Secondary School) concludes with a general certificate of secondary education after six years. Eight years of “Gymnasium” provide pupils with a general university entrance qualification. Some missing data on relationship status of parents, living situation, as indicated by percentage values; some missing data on history of psychiatric presentation, as indicated by percentage values