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Table 3 Means and standard deviation of STAXI, BPAQ and BGLHA scores and results of the univariate ANOVAs (F-ratio, p-value and effect size) in healthy controls (HC), patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

From: Anger and aggression in borderline personality disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder – does stress matter?

  HC (n = 30) M ± S.D. BPD (n = 29) M ± S.D. ADHD (n = 28) M ± S.D. F p η p 2
Trait measures
STAXI
 Total b,c 16.23 ± 3.53 29.52 ± 7.26 25.75 ± 6.96 37.00 ≤.001 .47
 Temperament b,c 7.43 ± 1.85 13.93 ± 4.51 12.43 ± 3.86 26.80 ≤.001 .39
 Reaction b,c,d 8.80 ± 2.31 15.59 ± 3.38 13.32 ± 3.77 34.55 ≤.001 .45
 Anger in b,c,d 12.53 ± 3.37 23.72 ± 5.01 18.25 ± 5.36 42.95 ≤.001 .51
 Anger out b,c 11.30 ± 2.60 18.69 ± 6.22 18.79 ± 4.63 24.59 ≤.001 .37
 Anger control b,c 23.90 ± 4.40 19.86 ± 5.19 17.32 ± 3.36 16.62 ≤.001 .28
BPAQ
 Total b,c,d 44.97 ± 8.74 74.48 ± 14.98 64.93 ± 14.95 38.77 ≤.001 .48
 Anger b,c 12.30 ± 3.57 19.17 ± 4.37 19.71 ± 4.71 28.12 ≤.001 .40
 Physical b,c 11.03 ± 2.48 18.55 ± 7.45 15.57 ± 6.25 12.76 ≤.001 .23
 Verbal b,c 9.57 ± 2.00 12.31 ± 4.23 12.00 ± 3.62 5.78 .004 .12
 Hostility b,c,d 12.07 ± 3.86 24.45 ± 5.12 17.64 ± 5.43 48.51 ≤.001 .54
BGLHAa
 Total b,c 1.23 ± 1.94 10.48 ± 7.23 7.85 ± 4.66 26.01 ≤.001 .39
  1. Note: STAXI State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory, BPAQ Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire, BGLHA Brown-Goodwin Lifetime History of Aggression
  2. aBGLHA: smaller sample size due to missing values: BPD (n = 27) and ADHD (n = 27)
  3. bHC vs. BPD significant differences
  4. cHC vs. ADHD significant differences
  5. dBPD vs. ADHD significant differences