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Table 3 General and PTSD-specific psychopathology of healthy controls, healthy trauma-exposed women and PTSD patients

From: Women with exposure to childhood interpersonal violence without psychiatric diagnoses show no signs of impairment in general functioning, quality of life and sexuality

  HC HTEW PTSD patients Statistics
  AM ± SD AM ± SD AM ± SD F df p d HTEW-HC d HTEW-PTSD d PTSD-HC
BDI-II 4.6 ± 4.7 4.5 ± 6.0 38.6 ± 10.1 222.268 (2,89) < .001 −.02 −4.24 4,57
BSI 0.2 ± 0.2 0.3 ± 0.3 2.0 ± 0.6 206.837 (2,88) < .001 0.4 −3.78 4.46
GAF 91.1 ± 8.3 86.6 ± 8.6 48.5 ± 6.5 273.92 (2,89) < .001 −0.53 5.05 −5.77
BIS 60.3 ± 9.2 64.3 ± 9.3 83.0 ± 14.3 35.91 (2,89) < .001 0.43 −1.58 1.92
AAQ-II 12.2 ± 5.7 13.9 ± 6.6 39.6 ± 4.3 231.167 (2,89) < .001 0.28 −4.72 5.49
SES 27 ± 4.1 26.9 ± 4.0 9.3 ± 4.8 174.51 (2,88) < .001 −0.02 3.99 −3.97
DTS 12.2 ± 14.8 82.6 ± 19.1 264.81 (1,60) < .001 −4.15
TRGI-global guilt 0.6 ± 0.8 2.7 ± 1.2 61.570 (1,55) < .001 −2.12
TRGI-distress 1.0±0.8 3.5 ± 0.4 198.623 (1,55) < .001 −4.09
TRGI-guilt cognitions 1.0±0.5 2.1 ± 0.6 46.202 (1,55) < .001 −2.01
FDS 2.8 ± 2.4 5.0 ± 5.0 24.4 ± 12.2 69.402 (2,86) < .001 0.6 −2.21 2.93
  1. F and p represent the F- and p-values of the respective one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA); d represents the pairwise compared effect sizes after Cohen
  2. Abbreviations: df degrees of freedom, AM arithmetic mean, SD standard deviation, BDI-II Beck Depression Inventory-II, BSI Brief Symptom Inventory, GAF Global Assessment of Functioning, BIS Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, AAQ Acceptance and Action Questionnaire, SES Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, DTS Davidson Trauma Scale, TRGI Trauma Related Guilt Inventory, FDS Fragebogen zu Dissoziativen Symptomen, AM arithmetic mean, SD standard deviation
  3. Dashes indicate that data were not obtained