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Table 1 Sample characteristics of healthy controls, healthy trauma-exposed women and PTSD patients

From: Women with exposure to childhood interpersonal violence without psychiatric diagnoses show no signs of impairment in general functioning, quality of life and sexuality

  HC HTEW PTSD patients Statistics
  AM ± SD AM ± SD AM ± SD  
Age 31.37 ± 8.4 31.81 ± 12.6 32.9 ± 8.6 F(2,89) = .189, p = .828
Years of education 11.3 ± 1.0 11.4 ± 0.9 10.9 ± 1.2 H (2) = 3.735, p = .155
Marital status N, % N, % N, %  
 Married/cohabiting  Single  Divorced/widowed 24 (80.0) 6 (20.0) 0 (0) 20 (64.5) 8 (25.8) 3 (9.7) 19 (61.3) 11 (35.5) 1 (3.2) χ 2 (2) = 4.645, p = .336
Number of children N, % N, % N, %  
 1  2  3  4 22 (73.4) 3 (10.0) 3 (10.0) 1 (3.3) 1 (3.3) 21 (67.7) 2 (6.5) 2 (6.5) 5 (16.1) 1 (3.2) 19 (61.3) 6 (19.4) 4 (12.9) 1 (3.2) 1 (3.2) H (2) = .774, p = .679 U HC-HTEW = 427.0, p = .489, r = −.087 U HTEW-PTSD = 475.5, p = .941, r = −.011 U HTEW-PTSD = 416.0, p = .402, r = −.109
Employment status N, % N, % N, %  
 Full time  Part time  Occasionally  Not working 16 (53.4) 7 (23.3) 4 (13.3) 3 (10.0) 16 (51.6) 11 (35.5) 3 (9.7) 1 (3.2) 7 (22.6) 6 (19.4) 3 (9.7) 15 (48.4) H (2) = 14.451, p = .001 U HC-HTEW = 446.0, p = .769, r = −.039 U HTEW-PTSD = 246.5, p < .001, r = .439 U HC-PTSD = 266.0, p < .001., r = −.387
Current comorbidity N % N % N %
Any anxiety disorder 0 0 0 0 22 71.0
Any mood disorder 0 0 0 0 21 67.7
Any eating disorder 0 0 0 0 4 12.9
Any substance abuse/dependence 0 0 0 0 1 3.2
BPD 0 0 0 0 17 54.8  
  1. F and p represent the F- and p-values of the respective one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA); H and U represent the respective H and U values of the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney-U tests; χ 2 represents the respective value of the Chi-square analysis
  2. Abbreviations: AM arithmetic mean, SD standard deviation
  3. For Axis-II Disorders, only Borderline Personality Disorder was assessed