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Table 3 Mental pain subscales and other clinical variables of BPD, DD, and HC

From: The specificity of mental pain in borderline personality disorder compared to depressive disorders and healthy controls

Rating scales scores BPD DD HC Analysis
  M SD M SD M SD p a Contrastb
GAF score 58.59 9.15 62.25 6.91 84.11 4.68 .00 BPD, DD > HC
Mental pain total score 121.8 31.1 105.9 37.2 67.5 16.0 .00 BPD, DD > HC
Mental pain subtypes:         
 Irreversibility 23.56 8.26 23.14 8.81 12.77 4.50 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Loss of control 27.95 9.40 22.14 9.54 13.52 3.92 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Narcissist wounds 13.26 4.35 9.50 5.09 6.61 2.00 .00 BPD > DD > HC
 Emotional flooding 15.23 3.62 13.36 4.98 7.03 3.01 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Freezing 6.96 3.12 5.59 3.17 3.55 1.00 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Self-estrangement 7.77 2.88 6.68 3.37 4.23 1.63 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Confusion 9.21 3.39 8.55 3.71 4.87 1.88 .00 BPD, DD > HC
 Social distancing 10.89 2.85 11.05 2.75 11.35 1.40 .71  
 Emptiness 6.91 3.09 5.91 3.18 3.55 1.18 .00 BPD, MDD > HC
 Beck depression inventory 18.9 9.7 13.9 10.8 2.7 3.0 .00 BPD, MDD > HC
 Hamilton depression scale 14.1 8.3 10.2 7.2 0.0 0.0 .00 BPD, MDD > HC
 Scale of suicidal ideation (current = past week) 3.8 6.0 1.0 2.4    .09  
  N % N %    
Physical or sexual abuse before age 18 28 50.9 10 49.1    .58  
Suicide attempter 31 53.39 17 77.27    .08  
  1. N = 109 for the Beck Depression Inventory due to missing data from one BPD participants
  2. N = 88 for the Hamilton Depression Scale due to missing data from 1 MDD and 21 HC participants
  3. N = 79 for Scale for Suicidal Ideation (N = 56 for BPD and N = 22 for MDD)
  4. aANOVA for continuous variables; chi-square analyses for categorical variables
  5. bPost-hoc comparisons