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Table 3 Comparison of outcome measures (BIS-11, CPT-II, Time Paradigm, SKIP and TCIP) between participants assigned to mindfulness training (n = 19) and participants assigned to interpersonal effectiveness training (n = 25)

From: Effects of mindfulness training on different components of impulsivity in borderline personality disorder: results from a pilot randomized study

  Mindfulness Interpersonal effectiveness     
  Pre Post Pre Post Time Group Group × Time Cohen’s d [95 % CI]
  M SD M SD M SD M SD p p p  
BIS-11             
 Motor 18.10 3.52 15.78* 4.76 19.20 4.14 17.28 5.66 .004 .30 .77 −0.09 [−0.68, 0.51]
 Attentional 19.68 2.90 18.26* 3.03 18.76 3.56 18.36 3.23 .07 .63 .30 0.32 [−0.29, 0.91]
 Non-planning 23.73 6.34 21.05** 5.83 24.32 7.12 23.48 5.56 .006 .41 .13 −0.46 [−1.06, 0.15]
CPT-II             
 Response Style .72 1.20 .97 1.07 .22 .40 .30 .77 .21 .02 .50 0.22 [−0.38, 0.81]
 Commissions 11.25 9.25 9.68 7.77 14.88 8.01 13.30 7.19 .09 .12 .97 0.00 [−0.60, 0.60]
 Hit RT 418.30 64.60 449.03 80.08 395.27 84.27 402.95 68.31 .50 .10 .39 0.37 [−0.24, 0.97]
 Impulsivity Index 26.87 5.61 24.52* 5.68 29.23 6.98 28.00 6.35 .01 .11 .23 −0.26 [−0.85, 0.34]
Time Paradigm 56.64 24.75 68.13* 32.12 51.86 12.45 53.27 12.34 .007 .11 .034 0.66 [0.04, 1.27]
SKIP 1.19 .61 1.01 .65 .96 .67 .99 .57 .35 .44 .18 0.40 [−0.21, 1.00]
TCIP 1.32 .52 1.01* .58 1.11 .55 1.24 -56 .21 .96 .003 0.95 [0.31, 1.57]
  1. Note. M Mean, SD Standard Deviation, BIS – 11 Barrat Impulsiveness Scale, CPT – II Continuous Performance Test, Hit RT Hit Reaction Time, SKIP Single Key Impulsivity Paradigm, TCIP Two Choice Impulsivity Paradigm. Group by time interactions refers to univariate effects, T- test *p < .05, **p < .01. Effect sizes refer to pre- and post-treatment differences