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Table 2 Prevalence of different types of traumatic experience across the diagnostic groups

From: The comorbidity of borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: revisiting the prevalence and associations in a general population sample

  PTSD-only BPD-only Comorbid
(n = 3074) (n = 483) (n = 547)
n (% within dx group, prevalence rank within dx group) n (% within dx group, prevalence rank within dx group) n (% within dx group, prevalence rank within dx group)
Childhood sexual abuse/assault (CSA) 600 (19.52 %, 9) 89 (18.43 %, 10) 196 (35.83 %, 6)
Adult sexual abuse/assault (ASA) 175 (5.69 %, 16) 17 (3.52 %, 15) 39 (7.13 %, 16)
Military combat 178 (5.79 %, 15) 12 (2.48 %, 17) 26 (4.75 %, 17)
Peacekeeping/relief work in war zone 58 (1.89 %, 21) 13 (2.69 %, 16) 11 (2.01 %, 19)
Civilian experience of war 92 (2.99 %, 18) 8 (1.66 %, 18) 15 (2.74 %, 18)
Refugee experience 59 (1.92 %, 20) 1 (0.21 %, 20) 8 (1.46 %, 20)
Serious/life-threatening accident 782 (25.44 %, 5) 151 (31.26 %, 3) 201 (36.75 %, 5)
Serious/life-threatening illness 834 (27.13 %, 3) 123 (25.47 %, 6) 187 (34.19 %, 8)
Natural disaster 686 (22.32 %, 7) 115 (23.81 %, 7) 150 (27.24 %, 10)
Physical attack/abuse by caregiver before age 18 351 (11.42 %, 13) 57 (11.80 %, 12) 139 (25.41 %, 12)
Neglect by caregiver before age 18 313 (10.18 %, 14) 55 (11.39 %, 13) 138 (25.23 %, 13)
Witnessed fights between caregivers before age 18 787 (25.60 %, 4) 141 (29.19 %, 4) 224 (40.95 %, 3)
Intimate partner violence 683 (22.22 %, 8) 104 (21.53 %, 9) 223 (40.77 %, 4)
Physical attack by anyone else 467 (15.19 %, 11) 113 (23.40 %, 8) 166 (30.35 %, 9)
Kidnapped/held hostage/POW 104 (3.38 %, 17) 13 (2.69 %, 16) 45 (8.23 %, 15)
Stalked 585 (19.03 %, 10) 81 (16.77 %, 11) 142 (25.96 %, 11)
Mugged 700 (22.77 %, 6) 138 (28.57 %, 5) 192 (35.10 %, 7)
Death of someone close in a terrorist attack 58 (1.89 %, 21) 5 (1.04 %, 19) 8 (1.46 %, 20)
Injured in terrorist attack 7 (0.23 %, 22) 0 (0.0 %, 21) 1 (0.18 %, 22)
Direct experience of terrorist attack (without injury) 63 (2.05 %, 19) 8 (1.66 %, 18) 5 (0.19 %, 21)
Saw someone badly injured/killed 1148 (37.35 %, 2) 164 (33.95 %, 2) 257 (46.98 %, 2)
Unexpected death of someone close 1937 (63.01 %, 1) 269 (55.69 %, 1) 386 (70.57 %, 1)
Any other traumatic experience 358 (11.65 %, 12) 39 (8.07 %, 14) 100 (18.28 %, 14)