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Table 3 Descriptive means ( M d ) and standard deviations ( SD ) for pair-wise comparisons t0–t3

From: Effectiveness of dialectic behavioral therapy in routine outpatient care: the Berlin Borderline Study

  t0 t3   Time effect
  M d SD M d SD n(pairs) t df p Effect sized
BSL 2.13 0.55 1.69 0.88 37 2.97 36 .005 0.49
QTF 3.69 0.53 3.32 0.75 34 3.08 33 .004 0.53
BDI 30.9 8.6 22.4 14.3 39 4.10 38 <.001 0.66
HAM-D 11.68 4.74 9.06 6.50 31 2.40 30 .023 0.43
BSI-GSI 1.91 0.65 1.52 0.91 39 2.69 38 .010 0.43
DSS 28.5 16.2 19.6 13.9 31 3.39 30 .002 0.61
  1. Note. Effect sizes (Cohen’s d) are based on pair-wise descriptive statistics t0-t3 (p-values obtained from pair-wise t-tests).
  2. BSL= Borderline Symptom List.
  3. QTF = Questionnaire of Thoughts and Feelings borderline-specific cognitions.
  4. BDI = Beck Depression Inventory.
  5. HAM-D = Hamilton Depression Scale.
  6. BSI-GSI = Brief Symptom Inventory – Global Severity Index.
  7. DSS = Dissociation-Tension-Scale.